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Peter I Island
in Antarctica

Home Ports Antarctica Peter I Island

Peter I Island

Peter I Island is an uninhabited volcanic island located in the Bellingshausen Sea, part of the Southern Ocean off the coast of Antarctica. It is the northernmost island of the South Shetland Islands archipelago and the only island in the group that is not claimed by any nation. The island is roughly circular, measuring 8 km in diameter, and is composed of an extinct volcano that rises to an elevation of 1,640 m above sea level.

The island was discovered in 1821 by Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen, a Russian explorer, and named after Tsar Peter I of Russia. The island was claimed by Norway in 1929, but the claim was disputed by the Soviet Union. In 1939, the Soviet Union annexed the island and established a research station, which was abandoned in 1959.

In 1994, the island was declared a nature reserve by the Norwegian Polar Institute, and in 2002 it was designated a protected area under the Antarctic Treaty System. The island is home to a variety of wildlife, including seabirds, seals, and penguins.

The island is a popular destination for scientific research and has been visited by numerous scientific expeditions over the years. In 2018, a team of researchers from the Norwegian Polar Institute made the first-ever landing on Peter I Island, where they collected soil and rock samples for further study.

In addition to its scientific importance, the island is also of historical significance. During World War II, it was the site of a secret Soviet-German meeting in 1941, which resulted in the signing of the Lend-Lease Agreement. This agreement enabled the Soviet Union to receive military supplies from the United States in exchange for raw materials.

Excursion tips for a day in Peter I Island

As a tourist in Peter I Island in Antarctica, you can experience a variety of activities during your day:
1. Admire the breathtaking views of the surrounding landscape and take in the fresh Antarctic air.
2. Explore the island’s unique wildlife, including penguins, seals, and seabirds.
3. Hike through the rugged terrain and take in the picturesque scenery.
4. Go kayaking around the island and observe the local marine life.
5. Visit the island’s research station and learn about the ongoing scientific projects.
6. Go skiing or snowshoeing in the surrounding mountains.
7. Take a boat tour around the island and learn about its history and culture.
8. Spend the day relaxing on the beach and watching the sunset.

Experience Peter I Island with unforgettable activities by our partner GetYourGuide. The offer is also ideal as a special gift idea for family and friends who are planning to visit Peter I Island. Cancellations are possible up to 24h before the start of the activity (unless otherwise stated in the activity description), with a full refund of the booking price.

The climate in Peter I Island

The climate on Peter I Island in Antarctica is extreme, with temperatures ranging from -20°C to -14°C in winter, and -2°C to +2°C in summer. The island experiences very strong winds, up to 25 m/s, and is covered in snow and ice all year round. During the summer months, the climate is relatively mild, with some days reaching temperatures of up to +2°C, however, the island is still prone to strong winds and snowfall. In the winter months, temperatures drop significantly and the island is subjected to temperatures as low as -20°C and strong winds.

Cruise weather for Peter I Island

Our weather forecast for Peter I Island helps plan your stay according to the weather. For sunny days, pack light and breathable clothes, swimwear, and sunscreen. For winter weather, it's recommended to bring warm clothes, gloves, a hat, sturdy footwear, and a raincoat.

Date Icon Temperature Wind speed/gusts Cloudiness/Visibility Air humidity/pressure Sunrise/Sunset
Jul. 20th 2024 Jul. 20th 2024 max: -19.0 °C
min: -23.2 °C
16.6 m/s
25.9 m/s
20.6 %
20.5 m
79.9 %
984 hPa
Jul. 21st 2024 Jul. 21st 2024 max: -21.2 °C
min: -24.3 °C
20.9 m/s
32.4 m/s
89.0 %
6.4 m
79.7 %
980 hPa
Jul. 22nd 2024 Jul. 22nd 2024 max: -20.7 °C
min: -22.9 °C
20.9 m/s
34.2 m/s
96.2 %
10.5 m
80.0 %
985 hPa
Jul. 23rd 2024 Jul. 23rd 2024 max: -22.7 °C
min: -24.2 °C
19.9 m/s
32.9 m/s
71.3 %
10.4 m
79.3 %
985 hPa
Jul. 24th 2024 Jul. 24th 2024 max: -12.1 °C
min: -24.4 °C
54.4 m/s
90.4 m/s
100.0 %
2.5 m
83.4 %
981 hPa
Jul. 25th 2024 Jul. 25th 2024 max: -11.9 °C
min: -18.2 °C
43.2 m/s
70.2 m/s
100.0 %
2.9 m
85.5 %
979 hPa
Jul. 26th 2024 Jul. 26th 2024 max: -5.7 °C
min: -13.4 °C
53.3 m/s
87.1 m/s
96.1 %
6.3 m
89.0 %
967 hPa
Jul. 27th 2024 Jul. 27th 2024 max: -4.6 °C
min: -12.3 °C
29.2 m/s
40.7 m/s
90.8 %
7.5 m
91.8 %
980 hPa
Jul. 28th 2024 Jul. 28th 2024 max: -12.0 °C
min: -15.7 °C
16.6 m/s
28.3 m/s
95.7 %
5.3 m
89.4 %
998 hPa
Jul. 29th 2024 Jul. 29th 2024 max: -2.7 °C
min: -10.8 °C
44.3 m/s
68.4 m/s
100.0 %
1.8 m
92.7 %
997 hPa
Jul. 30th 2024 Jul. 30th 2024 max: -3.0 °C
min: -8.3 °C
40.3 m/s
60.8 m/s
100.0 %
0.4 m
92.9 %
971 hPa
Jul. 31st 2024 Jul. 31st 2024 max: -8.4 °C
min: -9.5 °C
48.2 m/s
67.0 m/s
100.0 %
0.4 m
89.7 %
954 hPa
Aug. 1st 2024 Aug. 1st 2024 max: -9.9 °C
min: -19.6 °C
36.0 m/s
54.0 m/s
93.3 %
4.9 m
85.7 %
966 hPa

Cruises to Peter I Island

Would you like to travel to Peter I Island on a cruise ship or would you just like to know when a certain ship will dock there? Here you will find an overview of the cruise ships that will be calling at the port of Peter I Island.

Scheduled ship calls in Peter I Island, Antarctica
Date Ship Arrival Departure Details

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Maritime AIS Data Peter I Island

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