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Russian Federation


Franz-Joseph-Land is an archipelago located in the Arctic Ocean, in the Russian Arctic. It is situated between the Novaya Zemlya archipelago to the west and the archipelago of the New Siberian Islands to the east, and is part of the Nenets Autonomous Okrug of the Russian Federation. The archipelago consists of 191 islands, with a total land area of 16,134 km2 (6,214 sq mi).

The islands were first discovered in 1873 by an Austro-Hungarian expedition led by Julius von Payer and Karl Weyprecht, who named the archipelago after the Austrian Emperor Franz Joseph I. They were the first to reach the North Pole in 1874.

The archipelago is located in the Kara Sea, a marginal sea of the Arctic Ocean, and is generally covered in ice for most of the year. The climate is subarctic and the islands are mostly composed of permafrost. The highest point on the islands is Mount Nansen, which rises to 1,160 meters (3,807 ft).

The islands are home to several species of Arctic wildlife, including polar bears, walruses, and seals, as well as a variety of birds. The islands are also home to a number of research stations, including the Russian weather station and the Russian Arctic Research Station.

In the early 20th century, the islands were briefly occupied by the German Empire during World War I, but were later returned to Russia. In the 1950s, the Soviet Union established a number of military bases on the islands, which were later abandoned. Today, the islands are mostly uninhabited and are used mainly for scientific research.

Excursion tips for a day in Franz-Joseph-Land

As a tourist in Franz-Joseph-Land in Russia, there are many exciting activities to enjoy in a single day. Here are some of the top activities to consider:

1. Take a boat tour to explore the islands and observe the local wildlife.
2. Visit the Franz-Joseph-Land Arctic National Park and take in the breathtaking views.
3. Explore the local history and culture by visiting the Franz-Joseph-Land Museum.
4. Go on a guided hiking tour to experience the natural beauty of the area.
5. Visit the local shops and sample the local cuisine.
6. Enjoy fishing and kayaking in the surrounding waters.
7. Take a guided snowmobile tour to explore the rugged terrain.
8. Go bird-watching and observe the many species that inhabit the region.
9. Relax and take in the stunning views from the top of Mount Teplitz.
10. Visit the local churches and learn about the religious heritage of the area.

Experience Franz-Joseph-Land with unforgettable activities by our partner GetYourGuide. The offer is also ideal as a special gift idea for family and friends who are planning to visit Franz-Joseph-Land. Cancellations are possible up to 24h before the start of the activity (unless otherwise stated in the activity description), with a full refund of the booking price.

The climate in Franz-Joseph-Land

Franz-Joseph-Land in Russia has a severe Arctic climate with long, cold winters and short, cool summers. During winter, temperatures average -16°C (3°F), while in summer the average temperature is 4°C (39°F). The winter months bring strong winds and blizzards, while the summer months bring light winds and fog. Precipitation is light throughout the year, with the most rain and snowfall occurring in the autumn months. The climate is generally dry and cold, with extreme temperatures and strong winds throughout the year.

Cruise weather for Franz-Joseph-Land

Our weather forecast for Franz-Joseph-Land helps plan your stay according to the weather. For sunny days, pack light and breathable clothes, swimwear, and sunscreen. For winter weather, it's recommended to bring warm clothes, gloves, a hat, sturdy footwear, and a raincoat.

Date Icon Temperature Wind speed/gusts Cloudiness/Visibility Air humidity/pressure Sunrise/Sunset
Jul. 14th 2024 Jul. 14th 2024 max: 0.5 °C
min: 0 °C
13.7 m/s
24.5 m/s
100.0 %
0.2 m
99.3 %
997 hPa
Jul. 15th 2024 Jul. 15th 2024 max: 0.0 °C
min: -0.6 °C
20.5 m/s
44.6 m/s
100.0 %
0.3 m
98.2 %
1,001 hPa
Jul. 16th 2024 Jul. 16th 2024 max: 0.4 °C
min: -0.8 °C
25.9 m/s
49.7 m/s
96.9 %
7.5 m
97.2 %
1,009 hPa
Jul. 17th 2024 Jul. 17th 2024 max: 0.0 °C
min: -1 °C
13.7 m/s
32.4 m/s
88.8 %
14.0 m
96.6 %
1,012 hPa
Jul. 18th 2024 Jul. 18th 2024 max: 0.3 °C
min: -1.1 °C
12.6 m/s
27.7 m/s
69.2 %
23.4 m
95.0 %
1,013 hPa
Jul. 19th 2024 Jul. 19th 2024 max: -0.3 °C
min: -0.8 °C
13.0 m/s
20.9 m/s
89.8 %
6.3 m
96.5 %
1,010 hPa
Jul. 20th 2024 Jul. 20th 2024 max: 0.1 °C
min: -0.5 °C
16.9 m/s
42.8 m/s
95.2 %
7.6 m
97.8 %
1,010 hPa
Jul. 21st 2024 Jul. 21st 2024 max: 0.1 °C
min: -0.5 °C
16.6 m/s
35.3 m/s
99.0 %
3.6 m
98.1 %
1,009 hPa
Jul. 22nd 2024 Jul. 22nd 2024 max: 0.6 °C
min: 0 °C
10.8 m/s
14.0 m/s
61.0 %
21.5 m
96.4 %
1,011 hPa
Jul. 23rd 2024 Jul. 23rd 2024 max: 0.7 °C
min: 0 °C
11.5 m/s
17.3 m/s
95.0 %
2.0 m
98.7 %
1,007 hPa
Jul. 24th 2024 Jul. 24th 2024 max: 0.2 °C
min: -1.1 °C
13.0 m/s
20.2 m/s
87.7 %
17.5 m
91.9 %
1,017 hPa
Jul. 25th 2024 Jul. 25th 2024 max: 0.5 °C
min: -1.2 °C
14.8 m/s
31.7 m/s
95.7 %
5.4 m
97.1 %
1,020 hPa
Jul. 26th 2024 Jul. 26th 2024 max: 0.4 °C
min: -0.3 °C
12.2 m/s
22.3 m/s
92.0 %
0.6 m
99.1 %
1,019 hPa
Jul. 27th 2024 Jul. 27th 2024 max: 0.6 °C
min: -0.1 °C
11.5 m/s
17.3 m/s
100.0 %
0.3 m
99.2 %
1,018 hPa

Cruises to Franz-Joseph-Land

Would you like to travel to Franz-Joseph-Land on a cruise ship or would you just like to know when a certain ship will dock there? Here you will find an overview of the cruise ships that will be calling at the port of Franz-Joseph-Land.

Scheduled ship calls in Franz-Joseph-Land, Russian Federation
Date Ship Arrival Departure Details

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Maritime AIS Data Franz-Joseph-Land

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